Medical Breakthroughs

Neurological Disorders

NOTE:  Please tell me if a link on this page is broken, because Ivanhoe, where I find most of these articles, archives their articles often, then you have to pay to be a member before you can retrieve them; however, I normally save the articles in their entirety, and can repost them.  

Thanks!  Peggy.


Fountain of Youth For Your Brain
Posted 5/9/11

Multi-Contact Brain Probe Can Be Injected Through A Needle
Consultant engineer Dr Jon Spratley has won the IMechE MediMaton 'best recent PhD thesis' prize for a multi-contact brain probe that can be injected through a needle. The 1.3mm diameter probe would be inserted into the motor cortex of motor neurone disease sufferers to allow them, in principle, to operate a computer, speech synthesiser or wheelchair. "I built a prototype of part of the sensor: the contact spikes were micromachined from epoxy, and I built the mechanical structure that would support the probe, " Spratley told Electronics Weekly. In Spratley's concept, the probe is injected with a needle into the brain through a standard 16mm medical access hole drilled into the skull. Up to 50 15x15um spikes 1-2mm long (Spratley prototyped 16) project from the tip of the probe and connect with neurons.
Posted 10/9/09

Alzheimer's Vaccine Shows Promise
An experimental vaccine is showing promise against Alzheimer's disease, reducing brain deposits that are blamed for the disorder.The deposits have been cut by between 15.5 percent and 38.5 percent in mice, with no major side effects, researchers said Monday in the online edition of Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Posted 6/14/06

Anesthesia and Alzheimer's Link
Isoflurane (Forane), a general anesthetic inhalant, may cause cell death and generation of an Alzheimer's-associated protein.
Posted 2/8/07

Antipsychotic Drug Causes Weight Gain
Some patients undergoing treatment for mental illness gain so much weight they develop life-threatening health complications.
Posted 2/15/07

Antipsychotic Drug Linked to Metabolic Syndrome
According to a study conducted at University of Rochester Center in N.Y., patients who are taking clozapine, the most effective antipsychotic drug, have significantly higher rates of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a group of conditions that can increase the risk for diabetes, stroke, and heart disease.
Posted 7/4/06

Blood Clots may Help Treat Dementia
Posted 5/4/06

Blood Clots may Help Treat Dementia
Posted 5/4/06

Botox: Helping Patients Move Again -- In-Depth Doctor's Interview
Lewis Andrew Koman, M.D., explains how Botox is becoming a life saver for people with cerebral palsy, stroke, multiple sclerosis, and traumatic brain injuries.
Posted 3/13/07

Brain Stimulator Takes Time to Fight Depression, But Benefit Lasts
A brain implant can help fight depression in patients for whom other treatments are ineffective, but the therapy can take as long as a year to show benefit...
Posted 5/31/06

Collaborative Care Helps Alzheimer's Disease Patients
Posted 5/11/06

Concussion Test: ImPACT
One in every 10 high school athletes will have a concussion -- and the more they have, the worse it gets.
Posted 11/29/06

Cause of schizophrenia identified
IN A world first that could bring hope to thousands of schizophrenics, Melbourne scientists have discovered that a form of the disease is linked to a lack of certain proteins in the brain's lining.
Posted 5/20/09

Drug for Deadly Brain Tumor Shows Promise
AZD2171 reduces the size of a brain tumor and improves the effectiveness of other therapeutic techniques.
Posted 1/18/07

Eating Less, Avoiding Fat May Ward Off Alzheimer's
According to researchers who studied a mouse model of the disease, a calorie restricted diet based on limiting the intake of carbohydrates reduces beta-amyloid peptides in the brain. Higher beta-amyloid peptide levels are known to play a role in the plaque buildup that leads to Alzheimer's disease.
Posted 6/16/06

Epilepsy Drug Helps Parkinson's
Patients with Parkinson's disease may benefit from an epilepsy drug. Zonisamide, commonly used to treat epilepsy, is shown to decrease involuntary movements and tremors associated with Parkinson's disease.
Posted 1/15/07

Fighting Alzheimer's
More than 4 million Americans live with Alzheimer's disease, and millions more say their memory isn't what it used to be. The baby boomers are now between 42 and 60 years old and will soon be at risk for Alzheimer's. Are you?
Posted 10/17/06 

Ginkgo biloba touted as herb for the absent-minded 
Studies show that ginkgo improves blood flow to the brain, and as a result may put a sharper edge on thinking, and remembering.

Helping paralyzed people move again
Thousands more will live, but it can mean a life in a wheelchair. Now, an experimental breakthrough device is helping paralyzed people move again.
Posted 9/5/06

Herniated Disk Surgery, Worth the Risk?
A herniated disk can be one of the most excruciating causes of pack pain. Some say it's as bad as childbirth. How to treat this condition, whether it's with surgery or just time, is under debate.
Posted 11/23/06 

Huntington's [Disease] Help
A drug on the fast track to approval may be just what doctors and patients have been waiting for.
Posted 5/16/06

Innovative treatment for migraines combines Botox and surgery
Five years ago, Sharon Schafer Bennett suffered from migraines so severe that the headaches disrupted her life, kept her from seeking a job and interfered with participation in her children's daily activities.
Posted 2/28/07

Is It Really Epilepsy?
Nearly a third of patients diagnosed with epilepsy may really be suffering from another condition called psychological nonepileptic seizures instead, report researchers in three new studies aimed at better differentiating the two.
Posted 6/15/06

Lifesaving Stroke Device
Acute stroke is the third leading cause of death in the United States and the leading cause of disability. It happens when a clot blocks blood supply to part of the brain. If patients are treated within three hours, they can receive a clot-dissolving drug called TPA. If patients aren't treated with an IV drug within three hours of a stroke, doctors typically use a corkscrew device that travels through the brain clot and pulls it out -- but it can be risky.
Posted 1/15/07

Magnets for the Brain
In the past, surgery might be considered too risky because doctors would be worried about damaging other parts the brain. Now, a new tool is allowing doctors to look inside a patient's brain like never before.
Posted 5/1/07

Medicine's Next Big Thing: Healing Brains and Bones
Injuries to the brain can leave people paralyzed or brain damaged. Injuries to bones and joints can leave people with a lifetime of pain. Doctors are working on ways to fix both problems, and they're getting closer.
Posted 3/21/07

Mental Illness Plagues Recent Veteransental Illness Plagues Recent Veterans
Military efforts in Iraq and Afghanistan represent the most sustained ground combat operations involving American troops since the Vietnam War. Military personnel may experience multiple tours of duty, intense combat and traumatic injuries. Combat and disaster may trigger posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression and other mental illnesses, according to mental health experts.
Posted 3/19/07

Migraine Pain Relief
Posted 11/29/06

Migraine With Aura and Heart Disease
According to a recent study from Brigham and Women's Hospital and the Harvard School of Public Heath in Boston, women ages 45 and older who suffer from migraines with aura (associated neurologic symptoms) have a greater risk for angina, heart attack, ischemic stroke and death than women who experience no migraines.
Posted 7/20/06

New Alzheimer's Breakthrough
"This drug is attacking the cause of Alzheimer's disease," Paul Aisen, M.D., an Alzheimer's specialist at Georgetown University in Washington, tells Ivanhoe. "If it works, it will change the course of the disease and that will represent a real breakthrough."
Posted 12/11/06

New Clues to Down Syndrome-Alzheimer's Link
Same cellular malfunction may cause neurons to die in both disorders
Posted 7/12/06

New Medications for Migraines
Light and sound can be energy-boosting tools for many, but when a migraine strikes, they can be anything but helpful.
Posted 4/4/07

New Treatments for Alzheimer's on the Horizon
Two studies released this week point to new treatments that may be able to slow down the progression of the mind-stealing disease without serious side effects.
Posted 7/20/06

Oh, My Aching Back!
MRIs are what most doctors use to look at your spine, but an MRI scan can only give a picture of the nerve. "It's kinda like looking at a photograph of a car to see if it has dents," Dr. Haig, M.D., of University of Michigan in Ann Arbor, tells Ivanhoe.
Posted 10/31/06

Omega-3 Fatty Acid Slows Alzheimer's
A recent study reveals an omega-3 fatty acid present in fish, eggs, organ meats, micro-algae, fortified foods and certain nutritional supplements could delay the onset of Alzheimer's disease when consumed as part of a normal diet.
Posted 4/19/07

Overcoming Alzheimer's With Brain Reserves
A new study reveals some older people may have significant neural reserve to overcome Alzheimer's disease. But minor memory problems may hint at the condition.
Posted 6/29/06

"Pacemaker for the Brain" may Benefit Epilepsy
UCLA researchers are developing a new type of stimulator they believe could help many epilepsy patients who no longer respond to drug therapy and are not good candidates for surgery to treat their seizures.
Posted 8/2/06 

Pesticide Use Ups Parkinson's Risk in Men
Men who are exposed to pesticides run a higher risk of developing Parkinson's disease.
Posted 6/16/06

Parkinson's Apathy Without Depression
A new study reveals patients with Parkinson disease do not have to have depression to in order to experience apathy. Apathy is described as a loss of motivation, loss of interest and loss of effortful behavior. The mood is neutral and there is a sense of indifference.
Posted 7/12/06

Protecting Brains
That's why Dr. Wright jumped at the chance to study the natural hormone progesterone. The first human study with 100 patients looked at the safety of injecting the hormone right after an injury. He says there were surprising results. "There was a 50-percent reduction in mortality, which was the thing that stood out, obviously, the most."
Posted 2/27/07

Rage Disorder Running Rampant?
We've all heard of "road rage" -- those inexplicable situations where someone overreacts to a minor traffic incident with violent behavior. But it's not just bad manners. According to researchers, many of these people actually suffer from a real medical condition known as intermittent explosive disorder (IED). In addition, it's far more common than anyone ever believed.
Posted 6/15/06

Robotic Arm for Stroke
A stroke is debilitating physically and mentally. Half of patients will experience some type of paralysis. For decades, researchers thought recovery would plateau after the first three to six months. But now, a new medical device is changing the notion of the motion.
Posted 6/11/07

Sam's Brainstorm
I am Tjerk, Sam's father. Sam is a 5 year old Dutch boy with a progressive brain disease of which Child neurologist in the Netherlands and Cincinnati have no idea what it actually is and how Sam will further develop. Over the last 2.5 yrs he turned from a healthy boy in a child that is hardly able to walk and cannot talk anymore.
Posted 3/6/07

Scientists Develop Nasal Spray That Improves Memory <- Lord, please give me a CASE of that nose spray... ha!
Good news for procrastinating students: a nasal spray developed by a team of German scientists promises to give late night cram sessions a major boost, if a good night's sleep follows. In a research report featured as the cover story of the October 2009 print issue of The FASEB Journal, these scientists show that a molecule from the body's immune system (interleukin-6) when administered through the nose helps the brain retain emotional and procedural memories during REM sleep. "Sleep to remember, a dream or reality?" said Lisa Marshall, co-author of the study, from the Department of Neuroendocrinology at the University of Lubeck in Germany. "Here, we provide the first evidence that the immunoregulatory signal interleukin-6 plays a beneficial role in sleep-dependent formation of long-term memory in humans."
Posted 10/5/09

Second Thoughts Are Real
The a little voice in your head that warns you not to do something you were just about to do is real, brain researchers say.
Posted 8/27/07

Shocking Away Shoulder Pain
Having a stroke can mean a lifetime of pain and disability. One common problem patients face is their muscles are too weak to hold their shoulders in place. The shoulder often separates and the result is pain. Dr. Page is studying a new type of electrical stimulation for stroke patients like Hensley with shoulder pain and disability.
Posted 10/31/06

Spinal Fluid Proteins may Signal Alzheimer's
New research reveals early signs of Alzheimer's can be found in the spinal fluid of middle-aged adults genetically predisposed to the disease.
Posted 7/12/06

Stopping Alzheimer's in its Tracks
Also from UCSD is news about a treatment for Alzheimer's that doesn't just treat the symptoms, it actually targets the cause, which has researchers hoping will help stop the disease.
Posted 4/3/07

Stopping Alzheimer’s in its Tracks -- In-Depth Doctor's Interview
And in this week’s In-Depth Doctor’s Interview, UCSD’s Adam Fleisher, M.D. reports that a new drug he’s been testing for treating Alzheimer’s could be the first drug that actually changes the progress of the disease, stopping it in its tracks as it targets the underlying disease process.
Posted 8/6/07

Targeting Brain Tumors
There are more than 100 different kinds of brain tumors. This proves to be a challenge when it comes to treating patients. But research is now focused on targeted therapies.
Posted 7/24/06

Targeting Depression Programs for Kids at Risk
Researchers who looked at 30 studies on kids and depression conducted over the past 20 years conclude the best anti-depression programs are those that zero in on kids at higher risk for the condition.
Posted 6/20/06

Tree Bark Supplement Reduces ADHD
According to new research, a plant extract from the bark of the French maritime pine tree, the antioxidant Pycnogenol, significantly reduces Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity DisorderADHD) symptoms in children when used daily for one month.
Posted 6/19/06

Video Games Affect Brain Activity
Could violent video games change the way your child thinks? New research reveals video games activate parts of the brain that control emotional arousal and inhibition.
Posted 11/30/06

Which ADHD Drugs Work and Why
Researchers from SUNY Upstate Medical University in Syracuse, N.Y., conducted a meta-analysis involving 29 previous studies on ADHD drugs to determine which of the various medications is most effective in reducing ADHD symptoms.
Posted 6/1/06